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Vauxhall History

In 1857, in a small town under the name Vauxhall, located on the south bank of the Thames, a man named Alexander Wilson founded the company to manufacture power units designed for river vessels and tugs. And in a little less than 50 years, the company reclassified the rank of the automaker.

In 1903 he was promoted to the first car company Vauxhall Iron Works Company. It was simple enough, and if I may say so boring, why not attracted much attention of potential buyers. However, the leaders of the newly formed companies lived the dream of creating a really cool car, so not going to stop.

That company Vauxhall launched the UK's first car equipped with a sunroof. This happened in 1933. Model Vauxhall-A Lisght Six was published in two versions - 12NR and 14NR. Together with them and the model debuted Big Six, equipped with aggregate capacity of 20 "horses" (it was a luxury option, are available with one of two engines - a volume of 2.4 or 3.2 liters). By the way, the 3.2-liter version of the Big Six 20NR, was the most popular among all the models of the company and sold in large quantities until 1936, until production ceased.

By the time high, demand began to use cars 1935 release - Model DY, equipped 12-horsepower engine, and OX (14HP). In 1936 came an even more powerful car series G - 25HP, which soon became a new hit. But this has not stopped the design department. In 1938 she made her debut series H (10HP), technical innovations which have become an integral body and 3-speed gear. And a year later was presented a series of U, is a fairly cheap for the middle class car, equipped with a 6-cylinder, 14-horsepower engine volume of 1.8 liters.

The Second World War found the company Vauxhall surprise, besides also on the crest of success. Solvency of ordinary citizens has considerably decreased, and therefore, the company had to re-qualify for the production of military vehicles: trucks Bedford, tanks and guns Churchill, as well as the engines of its own design.

Fortunately, the fighting is not much impact on the future of the company. Already in 1945, the company has returned to pre-war rhythm of work. It gets into car production 10NR, 12NR and 14NR sample 1938-1939, which was previously suspended due to the difficult situation in the country. However, after the war, all these models are absolutely successfully produce and market up to 1948.

1948 marked the debut of the first series of L. It is on the basis of its models were developed and Wyvem Velox 1952, equipped with engines volume of 1.5 and 2.3 liters respectively. By the way, is not only famous for improved performance of these machines, but also interesting and unusual for British design. Quite promising at first look changes allowing the bonnet to open the way, but this design is not liking to consumers, and therefore, it has been returned to the old design. Later the same model Wyvem and Velox, is produced in a very long period of time, almost did not respond to the changes.

In 1953 the company presented two round numbers. Firstly, the assembly line Vauxhall descended millionth car, and secondly, for the first time the company produced more than 100 000 copies of a car for one calendar year.

The second half of the 50s brought a new development, despite the appearance of which, Wyvem and Velox continued its successful existence. In 1955 she made her debut on the market model Cresta, which has become an interesting choice for the rich and another two years later, the band released the car model Victor, is characterized by its efficiency, thanks to which later proved to be extremely popular among the middle class.

Early 60's was marked by the start of fruitful cooperation between the British company Vauxhall modest monster of the German automotive industry - the company Opel, which was part of the corporation General Motors. Already in 1964 there were the first fruits of this cooperation. In the English market debut is quite affordable subcompact Viva, equipped with a 1-liter 4-cylinder engine. And everything would be fine, but the car's design very much like Opel Kadett. Although it did not bother the English.

The car turned out almost perfect, but eventually revealed problems with the engine, because of which production base model ceased in 1967. However, also produced cars Viva in a station wagon and a light van - they lasted much longer, up to about the mid-70s.

In 1971 he debuted the car, rip model Viva, but made in the coupe. He was named Firenza and is available in three versions: with engines volume of 1.3, 1.6 and 2.3 liters. In addition, the interior of the car is somewhat reminiscent of the interior of an average Opel.

Also in the first half of the 70 were new models Magnum, Chevett and Cavalier, with the latter was established on the basis of Opel Ascona. Since the car was created in the framework of cooperation between the companies Vauxhall and Opel, its production has been established at a factory owner of Opel - General Motors, located in Belgium. However, a year later it was transferred to Luton.

For a long time the company Vauxhall was one of the leaders of the British motor industry, but in the late 80s, these positions were lost. The company has passed almost completely under the influence of corporations General Motors, and all subsequent cars were copied from Opel. Of special note are the model as a Vauxhall Astra 1979 and the Vauxhall Nova 1984, which became the continental counterparts models Opel Kadett and the Opel Corsa.

This is, perhaps, the story ended with the glorious company Vauxhall's as an independent car manufacturer. Already in the mid-80s of the twentieth century, the company was essentially an assembly department of the concern General Motors, in which it is affiliated today.


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